Entrepreneurship Everywhere

Sample Entrepreneurship Education
Programs in the United States


ALABAMA

Alabama International Trade Center

Brian Davis, Director
Michael Brooks, Assistant Director
Alabama International Trade Center
The University of Alabama
Box 870396
Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0396
800-747-AITC
Fax: 205-348-6974
Email: aitc@ua.edu
Web site: www.aitc.ua.edu

Focus: Counseling, training, and assistance for existing businesses that are interested in the international business arena.

Geographic Area: Statewide

Products and Services: One-on-one counseling and training for established businesses and start-ups. Customized market research reports and loan packaging.

Age Level: All

Key Partners: U.S. Small Business Administration, Alabama Small Business Development Consortium, Southern United States Trade Association, U.S. Department of Agriculture—Foreign Agricultural Service, Appalachian Regional Commission, Alabama Forestry Commission, Alabama Department of Agriculture.

Abstract: The Alabama International Trade Center (AITC) works one-on-one with small businesses to help them enter and sell in export markets. Its services include market research, training, and export financing. The center focuses on new-to-export firms, targets state industries with export potential, and tracks export sales results.

The trade center was established in 1979. Today the trade center employs seven full-time professionals, four consultants, and fifteen student assistants. It operates as a federal-state partnership program between the University of Alabama and the U.S. Small Business Administration, and promotes SBA's export financing programs in Alabama.

The trade center is an institutional member of the Alabama Small Business Development Consortium, a statewide network of 10 management and technical assistance centers. The center works in partnership with two other state agencies—the Alabama Forestry Commission and the Alabama Department of Agriculture—to increase exports of value-added forest products and processed foods from the state.

Alabama REAL Enterprises

Ms. Tommie Syx,
Mr. Robert Youngblood
Program for Rural Services and Research
Box 870372
Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0372
205-348-6432
Fax: 205-348-2412
Email: RYoungblood@prsr.ua.edu
Email: TSyx@prsr.ua.edu

Web site: http://prsr.ua.edu/alabamareal/

Focus:Experiential entrepreneurship education for elementary, middle, and high schools, as well as community colleges and adult entrepreneurship programs. Also adaptable for after-school, out-of-school, and camp contexts.

Geographic Area: Alabama

Products and Services: Train-the-trainer; classroom instruction; technical assistance; formats for student, teacher, and community collaboration; statewide conference

Age Level: Children (grades 5-8), youths (grades 9-12), and adults of all ages

Key Partners: REAL Enterprises; PACERS Small Schools Cooperative; Program for Rural Services and Research-University of Alabama; ARC; Lyndhurst Foundation; schools (K-14) and school systems

Abstract: Alabama REAL is an initiative of the Program for Rural Services and Research at the University of Alabama. It provides entrepreneurial education and opportunity to students and communities in schools throughout Alabama. Alabama REAL is the state franchise of REAL Enterprises through which teachers are trained and curriculum provided.

Alabama REAL, in collaboration with the PACERS Cooperative, a statewide association of rural schools and communities, offers students opportunities to initiate and operate school and community-based businesses and to develop important skills necessary for successful employment and for entrepreneurial development.

Students operate aquaculture, publishing, photography, sewing, computer, information, printing, and other businesses that require the use of industry-standard tools. Alabama REAL brings together students, teachers, and others interested in entrepreneurship and community development to share ideas and develop common strategies and programs.

Auburn University - Economic Development Institute
Youth Entrepreneurial Community Development

Joe. A. Sumners, Ph.D., Director
Economic Development Institute
3354 Haley Center
Auburn University, AL 36849
334-84-4704
Fax: 334-844-4709
Email: sumneja@auburn.edu
Web site:
http://www.auburn.edu/outreach/edu

Focus: Incorporate youth entrepreneurial curricula into a high school class within four school systems, educate and train students, and assist each class in establishing a business.

Geographic Area: High schools in four Alabama counties: Chambers, Elmore, Macon, and Tallapoosa

Products and Services: Youth entrepreneurship curricula for high schools, entrepreneurship training for teachers and students, establishment of Community Development Volunteer Management Systems

Age Level: High School Students

Key Partners: Appalachian Regional Commission, Rural Enterprise Action Learning (REAL) Enterprises

Abstract: The purpose of the Youth Entrepreneurship Project, funded by the Appalachian Regional Commission, is to incorporate youth entrepreneurial curricula into a high school class within four school systems, educate and train students, and assist each class in establishing a business. Teachers receive specialized training, in-service training, and retraining while facilitating the establishment of entrepreneurial enterprises by their students.

Advisory Councils are established in each of the communities comprised of individuals who possess expertise compatible with the development of a viable business (from business, education, banking, civic organizations, etc.). Project staff work with community volunteers to create a strategic plan for a Community Development Volunteer Management System. This training and technical assistance is conducted in order to establish ownership and sustainability of the youth entrepreneurship project.

Bishop State Community College
Youth Entrepreneurial Academy (YEA)
Minority Technology and Entrepreneurial Center

Charles W. Porter, Director
Minority Technology and Entrepreneurial Center
Bishop State Community College
351 North Broad Street
Mobile, AL 36603
334-690-6880
Fax: 334-690-6879
Email: cporter@bscc.cc.al.us
Web site: www.bscc.cc.al.us

Focus: Youths ages 15–19

Abstract: The Youth Entrepreneurial Academy (YEA) was a six-week program that introduced participants to the entrepreneurial concept, covering such areas as the business plan, keeping records, marketing, etc. We covered the 12 modules in The New Youth Entrepreneur, published by the Kauffman Center for Entrepreneurial Leadership and EDTEC.

The students were ages 15–19, and were working on their GEDs, high school diplomas, or college degrees. The instructor was a business owner for more than 23 years (—The National Inner City (weekly newspaper), Inner City Printers, C. W. Porter Consulting). He is a certified entrepreneurial educator with a bachelor's degree and two master’s degrees.

Businesspeople and experts in most of the areas addressed the sessions. Field trips included tours of local businesses and a trip to the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa and Alabama State University in Montgomery. The youth entrepreneurs were exposed to every offering available that pertained to entrepreneurship; including SBA–sponsored workshops, participating in a university-level class in entrepreneurial education.

At least three participants have immediate plans for after-school business startups. All participants plan to complete college and to work in their areas of business interest prior to starting serious ventures. Several participants plan to enter the Bishop State Community College’s second level involving actual business operation, a partnership program with local banks.

Eva School - The Eva Examiner

Kimberly Dockery, Sponsor
The Eva Examiner
Eva School
20 School Road
Eva AL 35621
256-796-7016
Email: kpdockery@morgank12.org

Focus: School/community newspaper

Geographic Area: Eva school district

Age Level: Seventh and eighth grade students in a K-8 school

Key Partners: Grant from Alabama State Council on the Arts, grant from local Wal-Mart, a federal mini-grant, local business sponsors, and Alabama Web Press, the publishing company.

Abstract: Qualified students devote one class period during the school year to produce a newspaper that serves the whole school and the community. Students on the newspaper staff communicate with faculty, staff, students, community members and leaders, local politicians, and area businesses to complete the process of developing the paper. The students make contacts for articles, write and edit the articles, and design the graphic layout of the newspaper.

In the first year four issues were published, one every nine weeks. In the second year students decided to print five issues, and the size of the newspapers has increased to 16 pages. Four pages are devoted to community news, seven to school news, two to church news, and one page each to Classified/Puzzles, Recipes/Quotes, and student artwork. The school/community newspaper is a part of history by preserving and sharing the community of Eva's cultural heritage and history. There has not been a local newspaper in quite some time.

The paper is printed by a professional printer and sells for $.50 a copy. Ad sales accounted for $1,035 in the first year. The members of the newspaper staff are responsible for selling newspapers each time they are printed. As more funds and computers are acquired, the newspaper staff wishes to distribute the paper to a wider range of readers.

Lanier High School

Joe Haley
Teacher Business and Marketing Education
Lanier High School
1756 S. Court Street
Montgomery Al. 36104
334-269-3719
E-mail: lhs2j2t@aol.com

Focus: High school students

Geographic Area: Alabama

Age Level: 10th-12th grade

Abstract: There is a new State Department Curriculum this year which will go into use next school year. Basic and advanced classes in marketing and classes in entrepreneurship will be taught. This is the first time a separate class just in entrepreneurship has been taught at Lanier High School and the student interest in taking the class is very good. Some of the students are coop. The students participate yearly in the local and state DECA competitions and sometimes make it to nationals. Most of the students will not go to college, so this class will give them a look into career opportunities they may not know about through any other class they may take in high school. Some students know people who own their own businesses and this class gives us an opportunity to talk to them as speakers in class to get alot of first hand information to help the student understand business ownership.

NxLeveL Entrepreneurial Training Program

John Sandefur
Alabama Small Business Development Consortium
University of Alabama at Birmingham
2800 Milan Court
Suite #124
Birmingham, AL 35211-6908
Email: johns@provost.uab.edu

Focus: to provide an in-depth entrepreneurial training curriculum to small-business owners in the ARC service region of Alabama.

Geographic Area: Alabama

Key Partners: U.S. SBA and State of Alabama

Abstract: The ASBDC provides the 12-week NxLeveL entrepreneurial training program at 10 locations statewide and a similar, internally developed procurement program at one additional location. The purpose of the project is to implement a structured, fully developed entrepreneurship program statewide, using ARC funding as seed capital to implement the program in northern Alabama initially. Private-sector funding was obtained to subsidize expenses in lower Alabama. The program incorporates training sessions on marketing, finance, management, entrepreneurship, start-up options and issues, and other pertinent topics. Participants will complete a business plan for their business during the program.

Several measures will be used to evaluate the effectiveness of the program. They are:

  1. Number of participants completing the program (attending all program sessions).
  2. Number of pre-business and existing business participants completing business plans.
  3. Client satisfaction surveys completed by clients following completion of the program.
  4. Impact survey measurement of job creation and retention.
  5. Impact survey measurement of participants’ sales growth.
  6. Impact survey measure of capital formation.

The Alabama Small Business Development Consortium (ASBDC) is a consortium of 11 state universities that operate business assistance programs. The ASBDC operates the Small Business Development Center (SBDC) and Procurement Technical Assistance programs in the state of Alabama as well as the Alabama International Trade Center. The ASBDC operates 11 service centers and two satellite centers in the state of Alabama.

Through cooperative agreements with the U.S. Small Business Administration, each SBDC conducts research, counsels, and trains small-business people in a wide variety of business topics and provides comprehensive information services and access to experts in many fields. Through cooperative agreements with the U.S. Defense Logistics Agency, the SBDCs assist firms and counsel them on doing business with federal, state, and local agencies.

Oakman High School

Susan Winsett-Walton, Advisor
The Oakman Times
Oakman High School
1699 Main Street
Oakman AL 35579
205-622-3381

Focus: Student-run newspaper for school and community

Geographic Area: Rural community

Age Level: High school students

Key Partners: The PACERS Cooperative, ACCESS ( a statewide not-for-profit organization that supports small rural public schools and their communities), the Program for Rural Services at the University of Alabama, and local businesses.

Abstract: The Oakman Times is an eight-page broadsheet school/community newspaper published approximately every 6 weeks entirely by the students in Oakman High School, a rural 2A school in Walker County. The newspaper is a successful business with every aspect of production run fully by students. Ranging in grades 7 - 12, students have been producing the newspaper for almost 10 years.

In many ways the newspaper project develops students' "entrepreneurial skills" while increasing student confidence and competence to function in a real world environment. Production of the newspaper is supported wholly by advertising, newspaper sales, and special event fund raisers and has been self-sustaining for ten years.

The front page is usually reserved for the most timely articles and have a state or national focus that can be tied to the local community. The Oakman Times incorporates three pages devoted entirely to community-centered articles. These pages contain stories that highlight exceptional or interesting community members and students, local business openings, closings, or opportunities, or any local event. There are full pages devoted to editorials, local sports stories, and the Oakman Elementary School. Other pages include section on religion, technology, and health.

Shoals Entrepreneurial Center

Jerry W Davis, Executive Director
Shoals Entrepreneurial Center - Florence, AL.
Shoals Entrepreneurial Center - Sheffield, AL.
SEC - Shoals Commercial Culinary Center - Florence, AL.
3115 Northington Court
Florence, Al 35630
256-760-9014
Fax: 256-740-5530
Email: jdavis@shoalsec.com
Web site: http//www.shoalsec.com

Focus: Our mission is “ To provide young businesses a sheltered environment for developing the management, financial, and technical skills necessary to become self-sustaining members of the business community”

Geographic Area: Five-county area in Northwest Alabama.

Products and Services: Provides start-up and expanding small businesses space, shared equipment, on-site consulting, entrepreneurial training, and other shared services such as mailing and shipping, library, and conference room.

Federal Partners: ARC, TVA, USDA, EDA, and ISTEA.

Abstract: The Shoals Entrepreneurial Center (SEC) is a business incubator with sites in Sheffield, Florence Industrial Park, and a new kitchen incubator in downtown Florence. The center has had 82 clients, 74 of which are still in business. The center has had 31 graduates and has a job creation total of 856. These numbers do not include the Shoals Commercial Culinary Center.

SEC has taken on various entrepreneurial education activities in addition to its above-described purpose. Most of the following could not have been accomplished without the assistance of the Appalachian Regional Commission.

Historically, most people in Northwest Alabama have grown up with the idea that they were going to work for an employer. In order to create an infrastructure for encouraging entrepreneurship, it was imperative for the SEC to initiate an educational campaign for its citizens. The following characterizes some SEC activities to promote entrepreneurial events on an ongoing basis:

  • Entrepreneurship presentations in various school systems and colleges
  • Booths at school career day
  • Booths at local Chamber Mart
  • Host visits from school entrepreneurial classes
  • Host visits from Youth Leadership Shoals

In regard to past activities, SEC held a one-day, five-hour Youth Entrepreneurship Training Workshop on the campus of the University of North Alabama, which was attended by over 120 eleventh grade students from Lauderdale, Colbert, Franklin, Marion and Winston Counties. Thirty-two out of the thirty-five area schools participated. Preceding the conference, students completed a pretest questionnaire on entrepreneurial attitudes, knowledge and behavior. At the conclusion of the conference, tests were administered, and a final post-test was administered a few months later.

SEC held a second training workshop the following year, which was attended by 108 junior and senior high school students. SEC has produced both radio and television Public Service Announcements that promote youth entrepreneurship. A media blitz, promoting entrepreneurial awareness, both preceded and followed each of the workshops. SEC videotaped and edited each of the YEC workshops. Copies were sent to all area schools to keep in their libraries or to use in business classes.

The University of North Alabama School of Business agreed to take on the YEC program and they had a successful third year and are working on the program for the forth year.

Shoals Entrepreneurial Center obtained grant monies and partnered with Pacer Cooperative/REAL Enterprises, Inc. to present a hands-on entrepreneurship course, already developed and tested, to two rural area high schools, Lauderdale County and Waterloo High School. The course leads students through the actual establishment of a small business of their own design. This provided training for the students and for the teachers involved who will then be committed to passing that training on to other teachers and students.

SEC, in coordination with the Northwest Shoals Community College, filmed, edited, and aired a program presented by students of Lauderdale County High Schools Pacer /REAL program. These students also, presented a program at this year Youth Entrepreneurial Workshop.

To further broaden the entrepreneurial infrastructure of our area, the SEC has worked on and subcontracted parts of a training workbook titled "How to Start Your Own Business” as well as a Shoals Area Small Business Resource Guide. The training workbook is accessible in hard copy, on CD, and through our web site at http://www.shoalsec.com. The Resource Guide is available in hard copy only. SEC also developed a video featuring successful area entrepreneurs, which has aired numerous times on the NWSCC cable channel.

We are presently partnering with the local SBDC to develop and distribute a newsletter to any interested business across SBDC's 7 county area that provides an up-to-date calendar of events and information that affects small businesses.

SEC has purchased an entrepreneurial training tape series that will be aired on NWSCC cable channel for course credit, continuing education, and general awareness.

ALASKA

Alaska Cooperative Extension—Kaltag Fisheries Youth Development Project

Peter Stortz, Program Coordinator, Natural Resource Specialist
Alaska Cooperative Extension
USDA Palmer, Alaska
907-746-9459
Email: ffpjs@uaf.edu

Focus: Fisheries education

Geographic Area: Interior Alaska

Age Level: 12–18

Key Partners: Tribal councils; Kuskakwim Native Association; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; and Alaska Fish and Game.

Abstract: This collaborative initiative targets Native American youths in 40 rural villages in Alaska. The program began when Native elders asked the local school system to teach fisheries management skills in order to train youths and ensure sustainable use of the resource.

The program, a partnership between tribes, schools, and the Cooperative Extension, is designed to prepare young people to enter the local fishing industry. The program includes intense education and training in fisheries management, biology, and technology, and offers summer employment. In addition, the initiative works to prevent teen suicide, drug use, pregnancy, and chronic unemployment. It currently serves 16 rural communities and the Yukon.

ARKANSAS

Arkansas School-Based Enterprises—Northside High School

Helen Hicks, Marketing Teacher and Voc. Dept. Chair
Northside High School
2301 North B Street
Fort Smith, AR 72901
501-783-6882
Fax: 501-785-0117
Email: hhicks@fssc.k12.ar.us

Focus: Public secondary-school juniors and seniors of all ability and academic levels.

Abstract: This is a school-based project to provide a realistic opportunity for students to experience the concepts learned in high school marketing courses. Students actually develop a business plan and carry it through to daily operational tasks, which increases their knowledge and abilities.

The comprehension of all facets of a business is enhanced. Reading about purchasing, inventory control, customer service, distribution, and finance is one thing—actually having to be responsible for start-up and operation of a school-based enterprise is a rewarding advantage for high school students.

Southern Arkansas University
Entrepreneurship—Opportunities for the New Millennium

Darlene Tickle, Instructor
Southern Arkansas University
P. O. Box 9227
Magnolia, AR 71754-9227
870-235-4166

Focus: Four-year university

Abstract: To encourage potential entrepreneurs, SAU faculty and students formed a project team focusing on entrepreneurship. The project team developed a project: "Entrepreneurship—Opportunities for the New Millennium." The project has four phases:

  1. Media concentration: to educate listening audience (using cablevision, PSAs on radio stations, newspaper articles)
  2. Web page class: for hands-on development
  3. Workshop: to educate potential entrepreneurs (partnered with Small Business Development Center)
  4. Teach a Child about Business project: for hands-on development for children.

Media Concentration: The project team developed a seven-part cablevision series addressing issues such as how to get started in business, what issues new business owners might face, how to finance a new business, what ethical dilemmas might arise, how economic markets operate, and when to internationalize operations. Working with local entrepreneurs, the project team offered a variety of experienced-based cablevision programs to encourage the entrepreneurial spirit in potential business owners. Panel discussions were taped and aired on the local cablevision station. Entrepreneurs discussed their experiences and what they have learned about finance, ethics, taxes, responsible risk taking, and decision making. Student moderators focused on business issues by visiting with:

  • Minority entrepreneurs during February for Black History Month
  • Women entrepreneurs in real estate, law, and dentistry during March for Women's History
  • Women entrepreneurs in retail during March for Women's History Month
  • Young entrepreneurs (those under the age of 30) during March
  • Professors and bankers on economic issues during March
  • CEO, attorney, and dean of School of Business on ethical dilemmas during April
  • Executive in Residence on international issues during April

Web Page Class: The project team taught a class on Web page design. Entrepreneurs and small businesses can take advantage of the huge potential of the Internet by having their own Web page. The project team discussed e-commerce, taught the basics of Microsoft FrontPage, and created a hands-on approach to developing their own Web pages.

Workshop: The project team partnered with the Small Business Development Center to present a workshop, "So You Want to Start Your Own Business." The project team discussed key issues to help potential entrepreneurs understand the major steps considered crucial in starting a business; identified common factors as potential entrepreneurs plan their businesses; and provided take-home material as a resource to help answer other questions not addressed.

Teach a Child about Business Week Project The project team designed a hands-on project working with first and second graders. During "Teach a Child about Business Week," the project team taught the children how businesses operate. Working with a local entrepreneur, the project team explained business concepts to the students and worked with them to create their own business. The elementary students did market research, prepared a business plan, secured a loan, made business decisions, ordered inventory, delivered the product, and decided what to do with profit. The product the students chose to sell was a carnation with a Valentine's Day message, tied with ribbons.

ARIZONA

Arizona State University West

Eleanor Perry
Director, Leadership for Educational Entrepreneurs
College of Teacher Education and Leadership
Arizona State University at the West campus
P O Box 37100 MC 3151
Phoenix AZ 85069-7100
602-543-6318
Fax: 602-543-6350
Email: eleanor.perry@asu.edu

Rebecca Akporiaye, MBA
Assistant Director
Leadership for Educational Entrepreneurs
College of Teacher Education and Leadership
Arizona State University at the West campus
P O Box 37100 MC 3151
Phoenix AZ 85069-7100
602-543-6342
Fax: 602-543-6512
Email: r_akporiaye@msn.com

Website: http://www.west.asu.edu/leep

Focus: The Leadership for Educational Entrepreneurs (LEE) program is the first program in the nation to offer a graduate degree that blends courses from M.Ed. and MBA programs.

Abstract: Charter schools are independently run institutions funded by public money. A new breed of educational leaders heads these innovative schools. Business people are becoming educational leaders and educational leaders are becoming business people. Their leadership needs differ greatly from traditional aspiring school administrators, and LEE can provide resources and networks to meet those needs.

During the past few years, LEE has built a partnership of charter school and university leaders to develop a dynamic educational-management Masters degree for aspiring school administrators working in a market-based environment. The program is delivered through multiple methods: face-to-face, on-line and at regional sites. LEE includes eight (8) M.Ed. courses and four (4) MBA courses, one course at a time. Fellows design their own action research projects directly related to their individual interests and participate in a hands-on internship program.

This interdisciplinary union is notable because it moves beyond the boundaries of school-university partnerships traditionally focusing on teacher education and K-12 student programs.

Findings show that charter school owner/operators need a complex combination of pedagogical and entrepreneurial skills to provide a positive impact on student learning, maintain fiduciary responsibility to public monies, and excel in a market-based educational system. Critical issues such as assessment and accountability, instructional leadership, and financial management are addressed in this fast-track Master's program.

Leadership for Educational Entrepreneurs: Building strong leaders for increased student achievement.

Central Arizona College
Small Business Management (Entrepreneurship)

Frank Puglia, Director
Florence Center and Arizona State Prison Campus
Central Arizona College
2800 E Butte Avenue
P O Box 707
Florence, AZ 85232
520-868-1449 x204
Fax 520-868-1588
frank_puglia@python.cac.cc.az.us
Web site: www.cac.cc.az.us

Focus: As a community college, we use three modalities:

  1. Traditional college classroom setting
  2. Online delivery for adults throughout Arizona and the United States
  3. Instruction for inmates at the Arizona State Prison

Abstract: The Small Business Development Program requires unique teaching methods and paradigms for each of the three delivery modes, although class outcomes, competencies, and syllabi are similar, assuring that the education is standardized across the delivery methods.

This program is designed to encourage students to set up and successfully manage their own small businesses. At the beginning of the semester the students select a business, either fictional or real, that they wish to develop. Over the next 16 weeks the students develop their business one step at a time, following the topics addressed in the textbook, online research, and/or lectures. Assignments are given to assist the student in putting each section of their business, and corresponding business plan, together.

By the end of the semester, the students will have completed a business plan, which will be submitted as their final project. Hopefully the students will use this business plan to successfully open their businesses. I have had many students actually begin their business during the class, and some are still "surviving" in these businesses.

One of the most unique features of my program is the high rate of online students who want to start their home-based business while at home with children. They otherwise would not have the chance to get this education. These students are anxious to try to succeed when most "normal" opportunities are not available to them because of family or time commitments.

Another unique feature is the opportunity to work with the inmates. These students will have a very difficult time finding employment upon their release, and have plenty of time to work on developing their own business ideas while incarcerated. These inmate students are anxious to learn and eager to begin their business plans. The idea of working for themselves is very exciting to them, and most of them have the knowledge and dedication to prove that they can be successful on their own.

Northern Arizona University
Students in Free Enterprise

Lisa F. Borstadt, Associate Professor of Finance
Joe S. Anderson, Associate Professor of Management
College of Business Administration
P.O. Box 15066
Northern Arizona University
Flagstaff, AZ 86011
520-523-7400
520-523-1389
Fax: 520-523-7331
Email: Lisa.Borstadt@nau.edu

Focus: University students who provide entrepreneurship education to school-age children (K–12); community college, trade school, and university students; adults; entrepreneurs; and small-business owners.

Abstract: Students in Free Enterprise (SIFE) projects serve as service learning opportunities for students at Northern Arizona University (NAU). Experiential learning encompasses a range of methods actively engaging learners in their learning. This pedagogical tool better prepares university students for the "real world" through the development of critical thinking, leadership, teamwork, and communication skills.

Over the past three years more than 80 entrepreneurship programs and projects have been developed and taught by NAU students involved in the unique organization called Students in Free Enterprise. SIFE engages a motivated student workforce in educational service projects providing entrepreneurship and free enterprise education to community members.

Since 1996, NAU SIFE has partnered with numerous agencies to design and present workshops on business and other important life skills. SIFE students teach a 6-week elementary school business project designed to teach young students how to start and operate a small business. This project has been delivered to 12 different elementary school classes in 7 different communities.

For the Institute for Future Workforce Development, SIFE delivered workshops at five different Native American youth conferences and developed home-based business training for participants in the Transition Works program. SIFE students engage in comprehensive consulting projects for numerous local small business owners. NAU SIFE students were responsible for the development of a microloan and business education program for aspiring local entrepreneurs.

The administrative and business training components of the microloan program are run by SIFE students in a cooperative structure with three other community development agencies. Additionally, entrepreneurial curriculum is delivered to many "at-risk" populations, including single unemployed mothers, alternative high school students, Native American youths, and juvenile probationers.

Tohono O'odham Community Action (TOCA)

Tristan Reader, Director
Tohono O'odham Basketweavers Organization
Terrol Dew Johnson, Director
Tohono O'odham Reservation, AZ 85634
520-383-4966
Fax: 520-383-5286

Focus: Youth

Abstract: TOCA is a community organization in southern Arizona on the Tohono O'odham Reservation. TOCA works with youths to develop small-scale economic opportunities that draw upon their cultural heritage.

An example of such culturally appropriate youth enterprise is the Tohono O'odham Basketweavers Organization (TOBO), an artisans' network and marketing cooperative.

The University of Arizona

Karl Eller Center
Eller College of Business and Public Administration
The University of Arizona
McClelland Hall, Room 202
P.O. Box 210108
Tucson, AZ 85721-0108
520-621-2576
Fax: 520-626-5269
Email: info@eller.arizona.edu
Web site: www.eller.arizona.edu/programs/berger"

Focus: University entrepreneurship program

Abstract: The mission of the Karl Eller Center is to promote and provide entrepreneurship education and business research within the Eller College of Business and Public Administration:

  • To link the business and academic communities
  • To conduct exchanges in entrepreneurship between faculty and students of the University of Arizona, the business community, other universities, and other countries
  • To conduct business/academic seminars and exchange programs including the Arizona Venture Forum, the Business Academic Dialogue, the SkiView Business Plans Competition, the Fathauer Lecture Series, and the Arizona Venture Competition.

In a time of exploding interest and change in entrepreneurship, the award winning Berger Entrepreneurship Program continually sets the standard for other programs nationwide, remaining in the forefront of innovation. Our comprehensive, interdisciplinary curriculum provides a stand alone major for undergraduate seniors, an area of concentration for MBA's, a certificate program for Associates in Technology Transfer students from technical-based colleges such as engineering, science, medicine, and agriculture, and a certificate program for Associates in Borderlands Business Development for students from Mexican-American and Native American Studies.

The center's support of quality faculty and research through named professorships and faculty programs college wide helps to blend the goals of promoting education and research, as does the development of cross college collaborations through the highly successful associates programs.

The Center's outreach programs are extensive, including the annual Arizona Venture Forum for Small Business, the Fathauer Lecture in Political Economy, the JAI Press series: Advances in the Study of Entrepreneurship, Innovation, and Economic Growth, and the annual statewide business plans competition, the Arizona Venture Competition.

The Karl Eller Center's Programs span all aspects of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship education.

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